Spatial Dimensions of Family Structure: Children’s’ Living Arrangements over Time and Space in Europe
Natalie Nietsche1, Erich Striessnig2, Elke Loichinger3
1Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, VID/ÖAW, WU), Vienna, USA. 2Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, VID/ÖAW, WU), Vienna, Austria. 3College of Population Studies (CPS), Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

Abstract
Living arrangements of children vary widely across European countries, with potential implications for child- and parental well-being. Little, however, is known on the spatial distribution of such arrangements on the regional level, even less with regards to how it changed over time. Our paper addresses this gap in the literature. Using data from the European Labour Force Survey, we map regional variations in the incidence of children living with married, cohabiting, or single parents. Furthermore, using spatial modeling, we investigate whether there is regional clustering, potentially across national borders, of children’s living arrangements, and whether spatial contamination has played a role in the change of family structures over time.