Indian Spending Lesser on Female Healthcare: Evidences from National Sample Surveys 2004 and 2014
Moradhvaj, Nandita Saikia
Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India


“Excess female death” in India has sparked great attention in investigate gender discrimination in healthcare expenditure (HCE) for hospitalization in India. Using two rounds (60th [2004] and 71st [2014]) of the National Sample Survey Data, we examines intra-household gender disparity in average HCE and the effect of demographic, socioeconomic and healthcare factors on gender disparity in HCE. Descriptive statistics, bivariate analysis used to estimate average HCE for male-female and Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition used to understand the contribution of demographic and socio-economic factors results of gender gap in HCE. Results shows huge gender disparity in HCE and gender gap has been increased in 2014. Decomposition results suggest that about 84% gender difference explains through the Endowment factors. Education, type of disease, level of care and duration of stay are widening male-female gap. To improve Women’s health status need to economically empower by improving education and changes in gender attitude.